Activity 2 -
Use the resources listed below to help you complete this activity.
To learn more about this topic, visit the following
Direct Records and Proxies
Climatic Data, NOAA Paleoclimatology Program
This site lists and describes the widely-used proxy climate data
On this web site, information is offered on the background, trends,
and evidence of paleoclimates.
Pollen of the Colorado Plateau, Northern Arizona University
Learn why fossil pollen is a useful tool for determining paleoclimates.
Groups: Spores and Pollen, USGS
Learn how pollen can yield records of vegetation and community
changes over time by exploring this site.
Investigating Climate Change of Western North America, USGS
Learn more about climate change and the study of the geological record for Western North America.
Study Ice Cores, National Ice Core Laboratory (NICL)
This site includes a brief description about why ice cores are
an important source of information.
is it done? NICL
This section of the National Ice Core Laboratory web site takes
you step by step through the process of taking, obtaining, studying
an ice core.
Learn more about sediments found on the sea floor and information
that can be revealed by investigating these sediments, visit this
Glacial Landforms and Sediments
a Glacier, National Snow and Ice Data Center
This web site provides information on glacial formation, movement,
and associated landforms.
Gallery of Tress and Tree Rings, University of Tennessee
This web site provides photographs about tree-ring research. Each
photograph is annotated with captions poses
a thought-provoking question.
References in Dendrochronology, University of Tennessee
If you are in need of additional resources for tree ring research,
visit this site.
To learn more about the Greenland Ice Sheet Project (GISP2), visit
the following web sites:
Ice Sheet Project 2, National Snow and Ice Data Center
This web site explores the retrieval of the longest deep-ice core
available in history of its kind from the Northern Hemisphere.
To learn more about techniques for dating deep-sea
sediments, visit the following web sites:
Stripes and Isotopic Clocks, USGS
This web site provides information on astounding observations
of ocean rocks that led to the unlocking of one of ocean's secrets.
Use of Biostratigraphy in Different Sediment Types
This site provides basic information on biostratigraphy in two
main environments: terrestrial and marine.
To learn more about paleoclimates in the United
States, visit the following web sites:
American Drought: A Paleo Perspective, NOAA
This web site explores paleoclimatic data and how it can provide
information about past droughts.
Toolbox, University of Wisconsin
Learn how mud sediment in Walden Pond reveals evidence of its
past environments by exploring this site.
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Last updated: May 11, 2010
project is supported, in part, by the National
Science Foundation and the AGI
Foundation. Opinions expressed are those of the authors and not necessarily
those of the Foundation.