Activity 5 -
Weather, Climate, and El Nino
Use the resources listed below to help you complete this activity.
To learn more about this topic, visit the following
Weather and Climate
Climate Divisions Plotting Page" - NOAA Climate Data
This site allows you to create maps showing precipitation, temperature,
or drought severity, of the current or past (back to January 1895)
to Find Weather and Climate Information" - NOAA Climate
Page includes links to sites on weather and climate data for the
United States and the world, weather maps, forecasts, and more.
Teleconnections and El Nino
New and Information on El Nino" - USGS
This site focuses on the impacts of El Nino, including coastal
erosion, flooding, landslides, storms, and climate change. Click
on link to open the article of interest.
of Impacts and Prediction Benefits" - PMEL (NOAA)
Click on link to find further information on the impacts of El
Nino, such as El Nino and tornado occurances, El Nino and hurricane
frequency, coral reef bleaching, El Nino and marine fish and birds,
Nino Sea-Level Rise Wreaks Havoc in California's San Fransico
Bay Region" - USGS Fact Sheet 175-99
Online fact sheet (can also be downloaded and printed in PDF format)
looks at the impact of the 1997-1998 El Nino event on the Bay
area. Site includes damage photos, sea level data, upwelling images,
and an explanation of Kelvin waves and their impact.
Nino Storms Erode Beaches on Monterey Bay, California"
- USGS Fact Sheet 026-00
Two-page fact sheet reviews the relationship between El Nino and
coastal erosion on Monterey Bay, California. Includes color images.
To complete the investigation, each student
group will need:
Copies of outline map of the US w/ state borders
(2 per group)
Internet access: to collect precipitation data for your
community, visit the National
Weather Service website. Click on region of interest to open
a new site. You will have to do a little "clicking around"
to get to your local Weather Service office.
To learn more about the relationship between El Niño and
the occurrence of hurricanes in the Atlantic, visit the following
Nina, El Nino, and Atlantic Hurricane Damages in the United States"
- Pielke, R.A. and Landsea, C.W., 1999, Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc.,
Online article examines the relationship between the ENSO cycle
and US hurricane losses.
of El Nino on U.S. Landfalling Hurricanes, Revisited"
- Bove, et al., 1998, Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 79, 2477-2482.
This online research paper analyzes the frequency of hurricanes
making landfall in the United States from 1900-1997 to determine
if there is a connection between El Nino and hurricane occurance.
To learn more about the fluctuations in wheat
prices over the last 20 years, visit the following web sites:
Received by Farmers, Wheat, US" - National Agricultural
Statistics Services, USDA
Graph illustrates wheat prices from 1993 to 2001.
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Last updated: May 11, 2010
project is supported, in part, by the National
Science Foundation and the AGI
Foundation. Opinions expressed are those of the authors and not necessarily
those of the Foundation.