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Chapter 2

Plate Tectonics


Section
Number
Benchmark
Florida Next Generation Sunshine State Standards
Section 1 SC.912.N.1.6 Describe how scientific inferences are drawn from scientific observations and provide examples from the content being studied.

SC.912.N.1.7 Recognize the role of creativity in constructing scientific questions, methods and explanations.

SC.912.E.6.1 Describe and differentiate the layers of Earth and the interactions among them.

SC.912.E.6.2 Connect surface features to surface processes that are responsible for their information.

SC.912.E.6.5 Describe the geologic development of the present-day oceans and identify commonly found features.

SC.912.E.7.3 Differentiate and describe the various interactions among Earth systems, including: atmosphere, hydrosphere, cryosphere, geosphere, and biosphere.
Section 2 SC.912.N.1.6 Describe how scientific inferences are drawn from scientific observations and provide examples from the content being studied.

SC.912.N.3.5 Describe the function of models in science, and identify the wide range of models used in science.

SC.912.E.6.1 Describe and differentiate the layers of Earth and the interactions among them.

SC.912.E.6.3 Analyze the scientific theory of plate tectonics and identify related major processes and features as a result of moving plates.

SC.912.E.6.5 Describe the geologic development of the present-day oceans and identify commonly found features.

MA.912.S.1.2 Determine appropriate and consistent standards of measurement for the data to be collected in a survey or experiment.

MA.912.S.3.2 Collect, organize, and analyze data sets, determine the best format for the data and present visual summaries from the following:
  • bar graphs
  • line graphs
  • stem and leaf plots
  • circle graphs
  • histograms
  • box and whisker plots
  • scatter plots
  • cumulative frequency (ogive) graphs.
Section 3 SC.912.N.1.6 Describe how scientific inferences are drawn from scientific observations and provide examples from the content being studied.

SC.912.N.1.7 Recognize the role of creativity in constructing scientific questions, methods and explanations.

SC.912.N.2.4 Explain that scientific knowledge is both durable and robust and open to change. Scientific knowledge can change because it is often examined and re-examined by new investigations and scientific argumentation. Because of these frequent examinations, scientific knowledge becomes stronger, leading to its durability.

SC.912.N.2.5 Describe instances in which scientists’ varied backgrounds, talents, interests, and goals influence the inferences and thus the explanations that they make about observations of natural phenomena and describe that competing interpretations (explanations) of scientists are a strength of science as they are a source of new, testable ideas that have the potential to add new evidence to support one or another of the explanations.

SC.912.N.3.1 Explain that a scientific theory is the culmination of many scientific investigations drawing together all the current evidence concerning a substantial range of phenomena; thus, a scientific theory represents the most powerful explanation scientists have to offer.

SC.912.N.3.2 Describe the role consensus plays in the historical development of a theory in any one of the disciplines of science.

SC.912.N.3.5 Describe the function of models in science, and identify the wide range of models used in science.

SC.912.E.6.1 Describe and differentiate the layers of Earth and the interactions among them.

SC.912.E.6.3 Analyze the scientific theory of plate tectonics and identify related major processes and features as a result of moving plates.

SC.912.P.10.4 Describe heat as the energy transferred by convection, conduction, and radiation, and explain the connection of heat to change in temperature or states of matter.

SC.912.P.12.4 Describe how the gravitational force between two objects depends on their masses and the distance between them.

MA.912.S.1.2 Determine appropriate and consistent standards of measurement for the data to be collected in a survey or experiment.
Section 4 SC.912.N.1.6 Describe how scientific inferences are drawn from scientific observations and provide examples from the content being studied.

SC.912.N.2.4 Explain that scientific knowledge is both durable and robust and open to change. Scientific knowledge can change because it is often examined and re-examined by new investigations and scientific argumentation. Because of these frequent examinations, scientific knowledge becomes stronger, leading to its durability.

SC.912.N.2.5 Describe instances in which scientists’ varied backgrounds, talents, interests, and goals influence the inferences and thus the explanations that they make about observations of natural phenomena and describe that competing interpretations (explanations) of scientists are a strength of science as they are a source of new, testable ideas that have the potential to add new evidence to support one or another of the explanations.

SC.912.N.3.1 Explain that a scientific theory is the culmination of many scientific investigations drawing together all the current evidence concerning a substantial range of phenomena; thus, a scientific theory represents the most powerful explanation scientists have to offer.

SC.912.N.3.2 Describe the role consensus plays in the historical development of a theory in any one of the disciplines of science.

SC.912.N.3.5 Describe the function of models in science, and identify the wide range of models used in science.

SC.912.E.6.1 Describe and differentiate the layers of Earth and the interactions among them.

SC.912.E.6.3 Analyze the scientific theory of plate tectonics and identify related major processes and features as a result of moving plates.

SC.912.E.6.5 Describe the geologic development of the present-day oceans and identify commonly found features.
Section 5 SC.912.N.1.4 Identify sources of information and assess their reliability according to the strict standards of scientific investigation.

SC.912.N.1.6 Describe how scientific inferences are drawn from scientific observations and provide examples from the content being studied.

SC.912.N.2.4 Explain that scientific knowledge is both durable and robust and open to change. Scientific knowledge can change because it is often examined and re-examined by new investigations and scientific argumentation. Because of these frequent examinations, scientific knowledge becomes stronger, leading to its durability.

SC.912.N.3.5 Describe the function of models in science, and identify the wide range of models used in science.

SC.912.E.6.1 Describe and differentiate the layers of Earth and the interactions among them.

SC.912.E.6.3 Analyze the scientific theory of plate tectonics and identify related major processes and features as a result of moving plates.

SC.912.E.6.5 Describe the geologic development of the present-day oceans and identify commonly found features.

SC.912.E.7.3 Differentiate and describe the various interactions among Earth systems, including: atmosphere, hydrosphere, cryosphere, geosphere, and biosphere.

LA.910.4.2.2 The student will record information and ideas from primary and/or secondary sources accurately and coherently, noting the validity and reliability of these sources and attributing sources of information.
Section 6 SC.912.N.1.6 Describe how scientific inferences are drawn from scientific observations and provide examples from the content being studied.

SC.912.N.2.4 Explain that scientific knowledge is both durable and robust and open to change. Scientific knowledge can change because it is often examined and re-examined by new investigations and scientific argumentation. Because of these frequent examinations, scientific knowledge becomes stronger, leading to its durability.

SC.912.N.2.5 Describe instances in which scientists’ varied backgrounds, talents, interests, and goals influence the inferences and thus the explanations that they make about observations of natural phenomena and describe that competing interpretations (explanations) of scientists are a strength of science as they are a source of new, testable ideas that have the potential to add new evidence to support one or another of the explanations.

SC.912.N.3.1 Explain that a scientific theory is the culmination of many scientific investigations drawing together all the current evidence concerning a substantial range of phenomena; thus, a scientific theory represents the most powerful explanation scientists have to offer.

SC.912.N.3.2 Describe the role consensus plays in the historical development of a theory in any one of the disciplines of science.

SC.912.N.3.5 Describe the function of models in science, and identify the wide range of models used in science.

SC.912.E.6.3 Analyze the scientific theory of plate tectonics and identify related major processes and features as a result of moving plates.

SC.912.E.6.5 Describe the geologic development of the present-day oceans and identify commonly found features.

SC.912.E.7.3 Differentiate and describe the various interactions among Earth systems, including: atmosphere, hydrosphere, cryosphere, geosphere, and biosphere.
Section 7 SC.912.N.3.5 Describe the function of models in science, and identify the wide range of models used in science.

SC.912.E.6.2 Connect surface features to surface processes that are responsible for their formation.
Section 8 SC.912.N.1.4 Identify sources of information and assess their reliability according to the strict standards of scientific investigation.

SC.912.N.1.6 Describe how scientific inferences are drawn from scientific observations and provide examples from the content being studied.

SC.912.N.3.5 Describe the function of models in science, and identify the wide range of models used in science.

SC.912.N.4.1 Explain how scientific knowledge and reasoning provide an empirically based perspective to inform society’s decision making.

SC.912.E.6.2 Connect surface features to surface processes that are responsible for their formation.

SC.912.E.7.3 Differentiate and describe the various interactions among Earth systems, including: atmosphere, hydrosphere, cryosphere, geosphere, and biosphere.

LA.910.4.2.2 The student will record information and ideas from primary and/or secondary sources accurately and coherently, noting the validity and reliability of these sources and attributing sources of information.

MA.912.S.1.2 Determine appropriate and consistent standards of measurement for the data to be collected in a survey or experiment.
Section 9 SC.912.N.1.6 Describe how scientific inferences are drawn from scientific observations and provide examples from the content being studied.

SC.912.N.1.7 Recognize the role of creativity in constructing scientific questions, methods and explanations.

SC.912.N.3.5 Describe the function of models in science, and identify the wide range of models used in science.

SC.912.E.6.2 Connect surface features to surface processes that are responsible for their formation.

SC.912.E.7.3 Differentiate and describe the various interactions among Earth systems, including: atmosphere, hydrosphere, cryosphere, geosphere, and biosphere.

MA.912.S.1.2 Determine appropriate and consistent standards of measurement for the data to be collected in a survey or experiment.

MA.912.S.3.2 Collect, organize, and analyze data sets, determine the best format for the data and present visual summaries from the following:
  • bar graphs
  • line graphs
  • stem and leaf plots
  • circle graphs
  • histograms
  • box and whisker plots
  • scatter plots
  • cumulative frequency (ogive) graphs.
Section 10 SC.912.N.3.5 Describe the function of models in science, and identify the wide range of models used in science.

SC.912.E.6.3 Analyze the scientific theory of plate tectonics and identify related major processes and features as a result of moving plates.
Section 11 SC.912.N.3.5 Describe the function of models in science, and identify the wide range of models used in science.
Section 12 SC.912.N.1.6 Describe how scientific inferences are drawn from scientific observations and provide examples from the content being studied.

SC.912.N.1.7 Recognize the role of creativity in constructing scientific questions, methods and explanations.

MA.912.S.1.2 Determine appropriate and consistent standards of measurement for the data to be collected in a survey or experiment.

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