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Section 5
Weather, Climate, and El Niño

In this section you will find materials that support the implementation of EarthComm Florida, Section 5: Weather, Climate, and El Niño.

Inquiring Further

  1. To learn more about the relationship between El Niño and the occurrence of hurricanes in the Atlantic, visit the following web sites:

    La Niña, El Niño, and Atlantic Hurricane Damages in the United States, Pielke, R.A. and Landsea, C.W.
    Examines the relationship between the ENSO cycle and US hurricane losses.

    Effect of El Niño on U.S. Landfalling Hurricanes, Revisited, Bove, et al.
    Analyzes the frequency of hurricanes making landfall in the United States from 1900-1997 to determine if there is a connection between El Niño and hurricane occurrence.

  2. To learn more about the fluctuations in wheat prices over the last 20 years, visit the following web site:

    Wheat: Average price received by farmers, United States, USDA
    Provides average yearly wheat prices received by farmers in the United States.

  3. To learn more about El Niño events and the Earth system, visit the following web sites:

    What is an El Niño?, NOAA
    Describes the conditions which cause El Niño events.

    El Niño, Texas A&M University
    Examines the connection between the atmosphere and oceans that creates El Niño events.

    El Niño/La Niña & PDO, NASA
    Provides links to more information about El Niño events and how they affect the Earth system.

    El Niño’s Impacts on the Biosphere, NASA
    Looks at the impacts of El Niño events on the biosphere.  

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To learn more about this topic, visit the following web sites:

Weather and Climate

Weather, Texas A&M University
Examines weather and climate and how each is connected to the oceans.

US Climate Divisions Plotting Page, NOAA
This site allows you to create maps showing precipitation, temperature, or drought severity, of the current or past (back to January 1895) United States.

Teleconnections and El Nino

El Niño – A Welcome or Unwelcome Visitor?, Texas A&M University
Examines the global effects of an El Niño event.

USGS Information on El Niño, USGS
Focuses on the impacts of El Niño, including coastal erosion, flooding, landslides, storms, and climate change. Click on link to open the article of interest.

Impacts of El Niño and benefits of El Niño prediction, NOAA  
Provides information on the impacts of El Niño, such as El Niño and tornado occurrences, El Niño and hurricane frequency, coral reef bleaching, El Niño and marine fish and birds, and more.

El Niño Sea-Level Rise Wreaks Havoc in California's San Francisco Bay Region, USGS
Looks at the impact of the 1997-1998 El Niño event on the Bay area. Site includes damage photos, sea level data, upwelling images, and an explanation of Kelvin waves and their impact.

El Niño Storms Erode Beaches on Monterey Bay, California, USGS
Reviews the relationship between El Niño and coastal erosion on Monterey Bay, California. Includes color images.

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