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Chapter 1: Earth Systems

After completing this chapter you will understand:

  • The principles that define how systems work, including matter and energy transfers, reservoirs and fluxes, residence times, and system types.
  • What Earth systems are, including the geosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere, and biosphere.
  • The carbon and water cycles as examples of Earth systems interactions.
  • Why Earth systems and their interactions are important to people.

Use the navigation on the left to explore the resources for this chapter.

Investigation 1.1 Next Arrow