Chapter 1: Earth Systems
After completing this chapter you will understand:
- The principles that define how systems work, including matter and energy transfers, reservoirs and fluxes, residence times, and system types.
- What Earth systems are, including the geosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere, and biosphere.
- The carbon and water cycles as examples of Earth systems interactions.
- Why Earth systems and their interactions are important to people.
Use the navigation on the left to explore the resources for this chapter.