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3.2 Population History and Trends

In this section you will find materials that support the implementation of 3.2: Population History and Trends. Use the navigation below to find the materials.

Section Materials


Visions of Earth, by AGI
A four-DVD set on interactions in Earth systems.

Human Growth Rate, by
View the current population information on all countries of the world.

Plague and Public Health in Renaissance Europe, by the Institute for Advanced Technology in the Humanities
Learn about the period of the "black death" in Europe, which produced a noticeable but small downward spike in the curve of human population growth.

Cholera, by World Health Organization
Learn more about Cholera.

HIV/AIDS, by World Health Organization
Learn more about HIV/AIDS.

SARS, by World Health Organization
Learn more about SARS.

World Population Trends, by United Nations Population Division
The United Nations Population Division biennially prepares the official United Nations population estimates and projections for countries, their urban and rural areas, and their major cities for all countries and areas of the world. These population estimates and projections provide the standard and consistent set of population figures which are used throughout the United Nations system as the basis for activities requiring population information as an input. Find data and information here.

State of the World's Population 2006, United Nations Population Fund
“The UN Millennium Project, a panel of more than 250 experts from all over the world, identifies gender inequality as one of the primary drivers of poverty and social exclusion. This is because discrimination effectively squanders human capital by denying one half of humanity the right to realize their full potential.” Find how “targeted investments in education, reproductive health, economic opportunity and political rights can spur growth and sustainable development for generations to come.”

Avian Influenza , Information and On-going Research at the USGS Alaska Science Center
This is probably the most authoritative and comprehensive governmental site that provides both spatial and attribute data across multiple geographic areas. The major datasets include Topologically Integrated Geographic Encoding and Referencing system (TIGER) Line files, TIGER related products, Decennial Census, The American Community Survey (ACS), The Economic Census, Annual Survey of Manufactures (ASM), and Census of Governments. All the datasets can be downloaded for free, although inexpensive data CDs are also available for purchase.

Environmental Performance Measurement Project, Yale and Columbia Universities
“This report sets a number of benchmarks for 16 environmental standards that would help a national or the global population attain environmental and economic sustainability. Most notable is that the study tries to compare nations of similar economic status. New Zealand got the best marks out of the 133 countries. The U.S. was 28th. Niger, a substantial oil supplier that has had considerable domestic unrest, failed to meet the most indicators.”

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Visions of Earth, by AGI
82 High-definition animations showing a variety of Earth and space system processes.

Map of Human Population through History, Demographic, Environmental, and Security Issues Project
View an animated map of human history.

Population Density of the World, 1990-2015 (WMS), NASA
This animation shows the population density of the world in the years 1990, 1995, 2000, as well as a population density estimated for the year 2015. These figures have been adjusted to match United Nations totals. The most dramatic differences in population are not readily visible in this animation because they are located in cities. The maximum population density in 1990 was about 79,000 people per square kilometer, while the estimated maximum population density in 2015 will be about 236,000 people per square kilometer. Developing areas in Africa, Latin America, and Asia change the most visibly.

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