Evolution Debate in Arkansas (3-18-05)
According to the March
17, 2005, Arkansas Democrat-Gazette, House Bill 2607 died in committee.
The bill, introduced by first-term legislator Mike Martin (R-District
87), would have required the state Department of Education to include
"intelligent design" in its educational frameworks and also
encouraged teachers in the state to include it in their lesson plans.
The bill was referred to the House Rules Committee, for reasons that
are unclear: the committee's hearings on HB 2607 focused on why it
was referred there, and not to the House Education Committee. Martin,
for his part, averred that his intention was not to have schools teach
students that God exists or that evolution is false, but only to "restore
to science the agnostic viewpoint that there could be or could not
be rather than the dogmatism that actually currently exists ... that absolutely precludes the existence
of God." The Democrat-Gazette also quoted Martin as saying that
although he is unsure about evolution, he thinks that it is not necessarily
incompatible with "my strict Christian beliefs, or, quite frankly,
my belief in the inerrancy of Scripture." (3/18/05)
Bill 2607 was introduced in the Arkansas House of Representatives
as a shell bill on March 4, 2005, and amended and engrossed on March
10, 2005. The bill, if enacted would allow the teaching of "intelligent
design" as "a parallel to evolutionary theory" in the
public schools of Arkansas. If enacted, the bill would require the
state Department of Education to include "intelligent design"
in its educational frameworks and encourage teachers in the state
to include it in their lesson plans. Attempting to immunize itself
against a likely challenge to its constitutionality, the bill describes
"intelligent design" as not necessarily "attributing
the creation of the world or it's [sic] creatures to any god or gods."
Rita Sklar, executive director of the American Civil Liberties Union
of Arkansas, however, commented, "This is a blatant attempt to
push religious dogma into our public schools; I feel confident that
the Arkansas legislature will reject it. We all remember the 1981
creationism debacle, and we don't want Arkansas to be a national laughingstock
again." The bill also echoes the so-called Santorum language
included in the congressional report that accompanied the No Child
Left Behind Act of 2001, adding, "The prohibition of teaching
alternative scientific theories is the cruelest and most abusive form
of censorship because it prevents the very debate necessary for the
scientific proof or disproof of competing theory."
The sole sponsor of HB 2607 is Mike Martin (R-District 87), a first-term
Sources: National Center for Science Education, American Institute
of Biological Sciences; Arkansas Democrat-Gazette
Contributed by Emily Lehr Wallace, AGI Government Affairs Program
Please send any comments or requests for information to AGI Government Affairs Program.
Last updated on March 18, 2005