President's Fiscal Year 2004 Budget Request (6-24-03)
President George W. Bush released his fiscal year (FY) 2004 budget
on February 3, 2003. At the time of the budget release, Congress
had not completed action on the FY 2003 appropriations bills, complicating
the reporting of the newest budget request by making it impossible
to compare the two budgets. As a result, budget documents released
by the administration are in terms of last year's presidential request.
While Congress continued to work out the final funding levels, federal
agencies were being funded under a series of continuing resolutions
at FY 2002 levels. Congress passed a FY2003 budget at the end of February,
with $819 billion in total discretionary spending, which includes
$123 billion for research and development (R&D). A complete list
of budget documents
is available at the OMB website, and information on the science and
technology aspects of the budget is available at the White House Office
of Science and Technology (OSTP)
website. The funding comparisons below are primarily based on the
final FY2003 appropriations.
Much of the information on the President's FY2004 budget request
was originally sent out as an e-mail Special Update to AGI's member
State, and Judiciary (NOAA)
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
NOAA is slated to receive $3.3
billion for FY 2004, a 6% increase from last year's appropriation.
Within NOAA, the majority of the research is managed by the Office
of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research (OAR),
which has requested a 2% increase to total $380 million. The National
Ocean Service has requested $390 million (down 6%) and the National
Weather Service requested $720 million (up 4%).
President Bush is restructuring the federal government's research
portfolio for climate change.
A major part of that restructuring is the Climate Change Research
Initiative, or CCRI. According to budget documents, this initiative
is "designed to understand complex climatic systems to improve
predictions, and facilitate the effective use of scientific knowledge
in policy and management decisions." Congress last year provided
just under $18 million in base funding for CCRI, and this year's
request jumped 75% to $31 million. Other programs within OAR support
the initiative's goals but did not fare as well, for example carbon
cycle research, for which $2 million is requested (a 46% decrease).
Overall, climate research is up nearly 12% for a total of $185 million.
NOAA's budget documents are available at http://www.ofa.noaa.gov/~nbo/.
Department of Energy
Office of Science
Total funding for the DOE Office of Science would come to $3.3
billion in the president's request, a small increase from last year's
request and essentially flat compared with the FY 2003 allocation.
Within the Office of Science, the Basic Energy Sciences programs
would receive $1 billion, again flat funding. The Chemical Sciences,
Geosciences, and Biological Energy Sciences account is slated to
receive $209 million, a slight increase from last year's request
and more than allocated in FY 2002. Within that amount, the geoscience
funding for university and national lab research is essentially
flat. Also within the Office of Science, the Biological and Environmental
Research program would receive nearly $500 million, a small increase
from last year's request but a decrease of close to 10% from the
funding level two years ago.
Nuclear Waste Disposal
Last year's decision by the President and Congress to accept the
Yucca Mountain site as the nation's permanent disposal site for
high-level nuclear waste, means that the project has moved into
its second phase. After more than 20 years and $4 billion in site
characterization, funding for Yucca Mountain will now be focused
primarily on activities to support the submission of a license application
to the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. The budget request includes
$591 million for licensing and program management activities, basically
flat from last year's request but an increase of nearly 58% from
the allocation two years ago. Within this amount, there is a sizable
jump in funding for activities related to waste acceptance, storage,
and transportation in anticipation of the repository accepting waste
The Office of Environmental Management (EM) is responsible for
managing the cleanup of the environmental legacy of the nation's
nuclear weapons program -- everything from research to testing to
production. EM has been under pressure from DOE and Congress to
reform its management to result in quicker, more cost effective
cleanup of sites. To respond to this request, the EM budget for
FY 2004 is outlined in five new appropriations accounts. The total
EM request comes to $7.2 billion, a 5% increase from the comparable
FY 2003 budget request. The budget request states that this level
of funding should provide the resources for EM to work towards its
goal to complete cleanup of 89 of the 114 sites by the end of 2006.
Geothermal technology funded under the DOE Office of Energy Efficiency
and Renewable Energy (EERE) is marked for a decrease of nearly 4%
from last year's request, to total $25 million. Again, research
related to hydrogen has won out over the established programs within
this account. In total, EERE has requested $444 million, an increase
of 9% from last year's request (nearly all of which is slated for
More details on the overall DOE budget request can be found at
Department of the Interior
Total funding request for the Department of the Interior (DOI) comes
to $10.7 billion, a 3% increase from the FY2003 funding level. According
to the DOI budget document, this budget "maintains a robust funding
level compared with funding levels in relatively recent years for
Interior." Among the agency's priorities are water in the West,
energy development from federal lands, wildfires, and resource management
on public lands.
Funding for the Minerals Management Service (MMS)
is up just slightly for a total requested level of $171.3 million.
The Oil Spill Research
Program has requested its first increase in the last couple of
years for a total of funding of $7.1 million. This $1 million increase
would, according to the budget documents, "begin a four-year
phased replacement of equipment and increased operations costs at
the National Oil Spill Response Test Facility." MMS is request
a total of $164.2 million for the bulk of its work related to royalty
and offshore minerals management, which is down slightly from last
The Bureau of Land Management (BLM)
has requested $1.7 billion, a 9% cut from last year's allocation.
Funding for BLM energy
and mineral programs is flat from last year's allocation, giving
a total of $106 million for these activities -- a requested $86 million
for oil and gas, $10 million for coal, and $10 million for other mineral
resources. The funding request for the Alaska Minerals program is
down 10% from last year's allocation, for a total of $2.2 million.
The National Parks Service (NPS)
is slated for an increase of just under 6%, for a total request of
$1.29 billion. Resource stewardship funding within NPs would decrease
by 2%, for a total of $335 million. Within this account, the NPS budget
document outlines a monitoring program for water quality in the parks
and an "inventory and monitoring program for park vital signs".
More information on the DOI budget request is available at http://www.doi.gov/budget/toc.html.
U.S. Geological Survey
Looking at the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)
as a whole, this year's request is much more favorable to the agency
than last year's request but still represents a step backward from
FY 2002 levels. The total request is $895.5 million, down 2.5% from
the FY 2003 level of $919.3 million. Last year's request was hardest
on water programs as the administration sought large cuts and transfers
to other agencies. This year, the administration has restored most
of those cuts.
In all cases, the many increases and decreases described here do
not take into account the uncontrollable costs (salaries, maintenance,
) that increase each year and cut into funds available for
actual program activities. Only 40% of those uncontrollable costs
are covered by the budget request, and the rest must come out of program
funds. In addition, the White House Office of Management and Budget
(OMB) has instituted across-the-board cuts to reform all information
technology (IT) activities in the federal government. Science-intensive
agencies like USGS take a disproportionate share of such cuts -- the
Department of the Interior as a whole faces $66 million total reduction
of which the USGS share is $10.4 million (for comparison, the Survey's
budget makes up less than 7% of the department's total expenditures).
programs would receive $221.6 million, a 5% decrease from last
year's enacted level. In addition to cutting funds for mineral resource
assessments and seismic networks as described below, the request
also calls for the survey's energy resources program to use existing
funds to provide scientific information regarding methane hydrates
to the Minerals Management Service.
The biggest hit in the geologic discipline goes to the Mineral
Resources Program, which would receive a $9.1 million cut. This
reduction is on top of $3.6 million in proposed reductions from
the president's FY 2003 request ($1.3 million for studies of aggregates
and industrial minerals, $1.5 million for the Alaska data-at-risk
project, and $0.8 million for the minerals information team). Together,
these cuts represent a total decrease of $12.7 million, or roughly
25%, below FY 2002's level of $55.7 million. As with other programs,
such cuts are in addition to the budgetary erosion due to increases
in uncontrollable costs. The proposed cuts would eliminate a global
mineral resource assessment currently underway as well as geochemical
process studies on the effects of toxic materials associated with
mineral deposits. Assessment activities for federal and local land
managers would be reduced, among other activities.
The other major cut to geologic programs is a $1.9 million decrease
for the Advanced National Seismic System (ANSS).
The program has never come close to the funding levels called for
in the last reauthorization of the National Earthquake Hazard Reduction
Program (NEHRP). That legislation, signed into law in November 2000,
authorized $170 million over five years. The requested cut in this
year's budget would eliminate nearly half of the increases that
previous budgets had provided toward that lofty goal.
In last year's request, the Cooperative
Geological Mapping program was slated for a $6 million cut,
but Congress ended up restoring most of this cut to provide $26.05
million. This amount is about $0.5 million less than the FY2002
funding level. This year the program has requested $25.15 million,
a cut of a little less than 4% from last year's allocation.
As noted above, the budget request restores most -- but not all
-- of the cuts proposed in last year's request. Overall, water
programs would receive $200.1 million, still down 3.4% from
last year's allocation. The budget does not even mention the Water
Resources Research Institutes, which were zeroed out in the
president's FY 2003 request and remain zeroed out in this request.
These institutes were funded last year at $6 million. Congressionally
popular, they are a perennial political football between the White
House and Capitol Hill.
The National Water-Quality
Assessment program requested $63.8 million, a 1% increase from
last year's funding. The Toxic
Substances Hydrology program, last year proposed for cutbacks
and a transfer of what remained to the National Science Foundation,
requested $11 million, still nearly 18% less than what Congress
proposed last year. The National
Streamflow Information program -- the network of 7,000 streamgages
-- requested $14.4 million, a slight increase from the FY2003 funding
Overall, mapping programs
would receive $120.5 million, down 9.6% from last year's allocation.
The request would eliminate the Center for Integration of Natural
Disaster Information (CINDI),
a $1.4 million cut, along with $2.8 million in cuts for "lower-priority
mapping research." A $4.4 million cut to the National
Map program is supposed to "transition" the program
from data collection toward a focus on standard setting. This shift
in focus is cited for several other USGS programs as the administration
seeks to decrease the Survey's role in data collection and shift
toward analysis and dissemination functions.
Biology is also marked for
a small decrease from last year's allocation. Totaling $168.9 million,
biology programs would receive increases for research related to
invasive species ($4.6 million over FY 2003 request), chronic wasting
disease ($1 million), and amphibians ($0.5 million), and $1.3 million
for the Science on the Interior Landscape initiative, funding priority
research areas identified by sister bureaus.
More information on the DOI budget request is available at http://www.doi.gov/budget/toc.html.
Department of Energy -- Fossil Fuels
The Department of Energy's Office of Fossil Energy (FE)
requested a total of $747 million, a decrease of just over 3% from
last year's funding level. Within that total, Research and Development
(R&D) programs would receive $519 million, a cut of nearly 17%
from last year's level. More than 60% of the R&D funding goes
to the president's $320 million Coal Research Initiative (CRI),
which is predominantly directed at downstream technology. CRI does
include $62 million for carbon
sequestration R&D, which marks a 54% increase from last year's
Funding for oil and natural gas R&D combined make up only 8%
of the total Fossil Energy R&D budget, a percentage that continues
to drop with each new request. Funding for Natural Gas Technologies
totals $27 million, an 44% cut from last year. Nearly a quarter of
this request goes towards research in hydrogen from natural gas as
part of President Bush's FreecomCAR
initiative. Also funded through the natural gas account is $3
million for joint research with industry into the potential of gas
hydrates as a future energy resource. The funding for hydrates is
down 63% from last year, for a total of $3.5 million. The budget proposes
to consolidate a number of programs under the Natural Gas Exploration
and Production account into a new Sustainable Supply account while
cutting 40% from last year's allocation. According to budget documents,
this consolidation is in part due to a federal government-wide assessment
of programs that encourages management to "phase out programs
and activities that are neither productive nor integral to the program's
mission and goals."
Simply put, the Oil Technology R&D account is gutted in the
president's request. As with natural gas, programs within the Oil
Exploration and Production account have been consolidated but with
much more dramatic cuts. The total Oil Technology request is $15
million, a 65% cut from last year. Funding for the Oil Exploration
and Production account was slashed to a total of $2 million, down
91% from last year's funding level.
Also within the overall FE funding is $16.5 million for the Naval
Petroleum & Oil Shale Reserves (NPR).
The request zeros out funding for the Rocky Mountain Oilfield Testing
Center, a research facility for new recovery and remediation technologies
located at the Teapot Dome field in Wyoming. The request states
that it "does not have a uniquely federal mission and is more
appropriately carried out by the private sector."
The FE budget document is available at http://fossil.energy.gov/budget/.
U.S. Forest Service
Total funding for the U.S. Forest Service (USFS)
would increase by close to 3% from last year's funding level, for
a total of $4.1 billion. President Bush outlined his Health Forest
Initiative last year. The plan has been adopted by the USFS and several
western governors. Instead of making this priority a new line item
in the budget, USFS is incorporating the priority into its existing
structure. Funding for wildland fire management would increase by
12% from last year's allocation, to total $1.5 billion. Forest and
Rangeland research requested flat funding, with a total request of
$252 million. The Minerals and Geology Management program requested
$54 million, a 3% increase from last year's funding level.
Addition information on the USFS budget request is available at
The FY 2004 request for the Smithsonian is $567 million, including
a new Facilities Capital account. This funding level marks a 4%
increase from the FY 2003 appropriation and 9% more than appropriated
in FY 2002. Earlier this year, at the request of Smithsonian Secretary
Lawrence Small and the institution's Board of Regents, a specially
appointed science commission released a report outlining the role
of research within the Smithsonian. The report noted that funding
erosion and poor long-term scientific leadership have placed the
institution in poor financial standing. Adding to the funding complexities
are congressionally mandated increases for targeted programs; the
report asserts: "The cannibalization of staff positions to
fund these mandated increases must stop." Earlier, the National
Research Council released a report with similar findings. The message,
however, does not appear to have had a significant impact on the
president's FY 2004 request. Smithsonian research at its museums
and research centers is funded through the Salaries and Expenses
account, which would get $477 million, a 7% increase from last year's
allocation. Within that, research funding for all the museums and
research centers would receive $60 million. The National Museum
of Natural History (NMNH) requested $43 million, down 3% from what
it received in FY 2003. According to Smithsonian budget documents,
NMNH has requested $1.1 million to "conduct focused research
programs that are recognized for their quality, relevance, and leadership."
The Smithsonian Environmental Research Center would receive a 16%
cut to just under $3 million, most of which ($2.3 million) is for
research. The Tropical Research Institute requested just over $11
million, a slight decrease.
Department of Education
The Department of Education (ED) requested a total of $55.4 billion
in discretionary funding, an increase of nearly 9% from last year's
funding level. Similar to the last couple of years, the ED program
for math and science education for elementary and secondary education
is funded through the Math and Science Partnership (MSP) program --
there is an identically named program at the National Science Foundation
that complements the ED program. As the budget document notes : "This
[MSP] program is designed to improve academic achievement in mathematics
and science by promoting strong teaching skills for elementary and
secondary school teachers. Grants to partnerships of state educational
agencies, higher education institutions, and school districts support
activities to develop rigorous mathematics and science curricula,
distance learning programs, and incentives to recruit college graduates
with degrees in math and science into the teaching profession. For
2004, grants will focus on intensive summer institutes for teachers
at the elementary and middle-school levels." The funding request
for MSP is only $12.5 million, 86% less than last year's allocation
and less than the $100 million required by law to provide each state
a proportional take in this program. With the MSP allocation less
than the $100 million level, it is administered through the National
Science Foundation and does not guarantee each state funds. Separate
from the MSP program but a tool for math and science educators, the
Eisenhower National Clearinghouse for Mathematics and Science Education
(ENC) has been zeroed out in this
budget request. ENC's elimination is a result of legislation passed
in November 2002 that would restructure the old Office of Educational
Research and Improvement into the new Institute
of Education Sciences.
Additional information on the ED budget is available at http://www.ed.gov/offices/OUS/Budget04/04summary/index.html.
National Science Foundation
In a year when the federal government's non-defense discretionary
spending is set for a modest 4% increase over the previous year's
request, NSF would receive a 9% boost to $5.48 billion. Within the
total request, $4.1 billion would go to the Research and Related Activities
(RRA) account that funds the disciplinary directorates, decrease of
just over 1% from last year's allocation, and $938 million would go
to Education and Human Resources, an increase of nearly 4% from last
year's funding level. The Major Research Equipment and Facilities
Construction (MREFC) account, which funds capital costs associated
with large-scale facilities such as telescopes or networked installations,
is slated to receive $202 million, an impressive 36% increase from
what this account received last year.
While this funding increase over last year's request is sizable,
it is less than the amount authorized last year by legislation, signed
by President Bush in December, that would put the agency on a budget-doubling
track similar to that achieved by the National Institutes of Health
over the past five years. When asked about the disparity at the budget
briefing, Colwell responded that the FY 2004 budget was already formulated
when the doubling legislation was signed into law. She went on the
say that the $5.48 billion is still progress towards the legislation's
The request for the Geosciences Directorate, which includes Atmospheric,
Oceanic and Earth Science Divisions, is complicated by the administration's
attempt last year to transfer several programs from other agencies
into the directorate. Congress rejected this proposed transfer. Funding
for the Geoscience Directorate (GEO)
would remain basically flat from the FY2003 appropriation, with a
budget request of $688 million. Within GEO, the Earth Sciences Division
(EAR) would receive $144 million, Atmospheric Sciences would receive
$230 million, and Ocean Sciences would receive $314 million
One trend for GEO is a growing emphasis on Science and Technology
Centers (STC), which were initiated in the late 1980s. For GEO, there
is a 233% increase for STC -- the budget request specifies three centers
including the Sustainability of Semi-Arid Hydrology and Riparian Areas
(SAHRA) center based at
the University of Arizona and the National Center for Earth-surface
Dynamics (NCED) based at the
University of Minnesota-- to total $10.7 million. It should be noted,
however, that part of the increase in directorate support is due to
a transfer of accounting from a general Integrated Activities account
in the past to the managing directorate.
Major Research Equipment & Facilities Construction Account
At several hearings last year, members of Congress voiced concern
over the selection process for projects funded through the MREFC account.
In the Senate appropriations process, concerns over the NSF's large-project
management structure led to the threat not to release funds for the
initiation of EarthScope (the
only new MREFC project being funded) until a high-level oversight
position was filled (which it has). The impact of this congressional
scrutiny can be seen in the budget documents prepared for FY 2004,
which include lengthy management and justification sections for all
projects -- existing and proposed for future years -- within the MREFC
account. Each project has a detailed accounting of how long it will
be funded through this account, and how the research directorates
will fund associated activities during the project's life span. According
to the budget book, EarthScope has a life span of 15 years from its
completion, which is planned for FY 2007. At that time, research funding
through GEO would grow to $11 million and remain at approximately
$13 million for the rest of the project's life span.
The budget documents also clearly state the priorities for MREFC
funding in FY 2004. EarthScope is one of seven projects listed as
"First Priority." For FY 2004, the $45 million requested
for EarthScope in the MREFC account would support three of its components:
the United States Seismic Array (USArray), the San Andreas Fault Observatory
at Depth (SAFOD), and the Plate Boundary Observatory (PBO). This requested
second installment is 50% more than the nearly $30 million provided
In addition to the inclusion of EarthScope, the MREFC account has
a request of $26 million for the final installment of High-Performance
Instrumented Airborne Platform for Environmental Research (HIAPER),
a high-altitude aircraft used for atmospheric research. Also included
in the request is a first payment of Phase I of the National Ecological
Observatory Network (NEON)
that was originally proposed in the FY 2001 budget but not funded.
Geoscience projects listed in the budget for future MREFC support
are Scientific Ocean Drilling (beginning in FY 2005) and Ocean Observatories
(beginning FY 2006).
The Office of Polar Programs (OPP)
funds research activities, in conjunction with other federal agencies,
in the Arctic and Antarctic. OPP is requesting $330 million for
FY 2004, an increase of more than 15% from last year's funding level.
Of this amount, $262 million will be for the Polar Research Program,
with the remaining amount going towards Antarctic Logistical Support
Activities. Included in the MREFC account is $96 million for modernization
of the South Pole station. This last installment will build upon
several years of support to replace the old station that was built
nearly 30 years ago.
The NSF budget documents provide a wealth of information regarding
the research and education funded by the foundation, including multi-year
trends in funding and descriptions of successful past research that
is benefiting the nation. The budget documents are available on the
web at http://www.nsf.gov/home/budget/.
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NASA has requested $15.5 billion for FY 2004, a slight increase over
the agency's congressional appropriation in FY 2003. That much is
straightforward, but it has been more difficult to interpret the subdivisions
of NASA's budget and compare them to previous levels. In response
to accounting mismanagement and years of cost overruns, NASA Administrator
Sean O'Keefe has restructured the agency's budget accounting to more
accurately reflect the full costs associated with activities. As noted
in a statement from the House Science Committee, however, "while
these changes may make the budget more revealing over time, they make
it extremely difficult to compare the FY 2004 proposal with those
from previous years. The problem in making comparisons is exacerbated
by the frequent previous changes NASA has made in its budget presentation."
With that preamble, NASA's Earth Science Enterprise - funding the
majority of the geoscience-related programs within the agency -
has requested $1.55 billion, a decrease of nearly 10% from the FY
2003 appropriation of $1.71 billion. According to NASA budget documents,
this decrease is "driven primarily by major development programs
that are past their peak development spending and are preparing
for launches in 2004 including AURA, Cloudsat, and Calipso."
These missions are part of the Earth Observing System satellite
constellation. The budget requested $53 million for AURA, which
will look at Earth's radiation budget when it launches in January
2004. Just over $16 million was requested for Cloudsat, scheduled
to launch in late 2004. This satellite will use millimeter-wave
radar to investigate the structure of clouds and improve atmospheric
modeling. The last mission of this constellation is the Cloud Aerosol
Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations (Calipso) satellite,
for which $28 million is requested. It is slated to launch in fall
The Earth Observing System Data and Information System (EOSDIS),
which supports EOS missions by managing data from research satellites
and field measurement programs, providing data archiving, distribution,
and information management services, requested $98 million to complete
the development of the "end-to-end EOSDIS system." NASA
is also requesting $26 million for a new Climate Change Research Initiative
(CCRI) Acceleration project that is outlined as a five-year, $72 million
program. According to budget documents, these funds will be used to
look at how non-carbon dioxide compounds act as forcing agents in
climate change. See above under NOAA
for more on the CCRI.
NASA's Space Science Enterprise, which includes planetary exploration,
would receive just a hair above $4 billion, up nearly $0.5 billion
over FY 2003 appropriations. Under the theme of Solar System Exploration,
NASA has requested $1.4 billion for missions to explore Pluto and
the Kuiper Belt, Jupiter's ice-covered moons, and astrobiology research.
Mars Exploration is slated for $570 million to develop a Reconnaissance
Orbiter (2005), Scout Mission (2007), Mars Smart Rover/Lander (2009)
and a new telecommunications satellite (also 2009).
NASA budget documents are available at http://www.nasa.gov/about/budget/index.html.
Environmental Protection Agency
In its FY 2004 request, EPA has sought a total of $7.6 billion,
down 5% from the agency's FY 2003 appropriation. In response to
congressional criticism of how it incorporates science into decisionmaking,
EPA has a newly established Science Advisor who, according to budget
documents, "will be responsible for ensuring the availability
and use of the best science to support Agency policies and decisions,
as well as advising the EPA Administrator on science and technology
issues and their relationship to the Agency policies, procedures,
and decisions." For several years, EPA has outlined its budget
according to its goals and mission, making it difficult to separate
out the research portion of many programs. With all federal agencies
now required to follow EPA's model in order to better coordinate
funding with meeting strategic plans and to implement the president's
management agenda, this approach may become more widespread, making
comparison with congressional appropriations increasingly difficult.
Under this approach, EPA has requested $360 million for its goal
of Sound Science. The STAR fellowship program, which was marked
for elimination in last year's request, is slated for just under
$5 million, roughly half the funding Congress provided in FY 2003.
EPA's budget documents are available at http://www.epa.gov/ocfo/budget/budget.htm.
Department of Agriculture
The Department of Agriculture supports several programs in soil science,
watershed management, and water resources. Most of these programs
are funded through the Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS),
which requested a total of $2.66 billion. Within this amount, $40
million would go towards watershed
and flood prevention operations, $5 million would go towards watershed
surveys and planning activities, $51 million would go towards ground
and surface water conservation program, and $250 million would go
towards the Wetlands
Reserve Program. Also funded through the NRCS is the National
Cooperative Soil Survey, which is not a separate line item in
the budget request and is a joint ventures between federal, state
and local governments. The Agriculture Research Service (ARS)
also supports earth science-related programs. ARS requested a total
of $1.0 billion, which includes $102 million for soil, water, and
atmospheric sciences research.
Additional information on the Department of Agriculture's budget
request is available at http://www.usda.gov/agency/obpa/Home-Page/obpa.html.
Sources: Department of Agriculture, Department of Education,
Department of Energy, Department of the Interior, Environmental
Protection Agency, Federal Emergency Management Agency, National
Aeronautics and Space Administration, National Oceanic and Atmospheric
Administration, National Science Foundation, U.S. Geological Survey,
and the White House Office of Management and Budget.
Please send any comments or requests for information to the AGI
Government Affairs Program at email@example.com.
Contributed by Margaret A. Baker, AGI Government Affairs Program.
Posted June 24, 2003