FY2007 Environmental Protection Agency Appropriations (3-21-07)
Funding for the Environmental Protection Agency is
allocated to a number of environmental monitoring, compliance and
research programs in the areas of clean water, clean air, land preservation,
ecosystem restoration, and cleanup of hazardous substances.
For analysis of hearings held by the House and the
Senate on EPA appropriations, click here.
Fiscal Year (FY)
2007 Environmental Protection Agency Appropriations Process
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (total)
Science and Technology
Hazardous Substances Superfund
Environmental Programs and Management
Leaking Underground Storage Trust Fund
State and Tribal Assistance Grants
-- Clean Water State Revolving Funds
-- Safe Drinking Water State Revolving Funds
-- Total Brownfields Spending
* Numbers are approximate and may change.
The fiscal year (FY) 2007 budget request for the U.S. Environmental
Protection Agency (EPA) totals $7.3 billion, a 5.1% decrease from
the FY 2006 enacted level. Despite the overall decrease, the budget
calls for a $55 million (+44%) increase to homeland security efforts
as well as a $58 million (+8%) increase in science and technology
funding. Other major changes in the FY 2007 request include $49.5
million for a new Diesel Emissions Reduction program, the elimination
of the Clean School Bus Initiative (funded at $6.9 million in FY 2006),
and the elimination of environmental education funding ($8.9 million
in FY 2006).
EPA funds are divided among five distinct goals. In the FY 2007 request,
clean and safe water programs would receive the largest share of the
agency's budget (37%). The remaining funds would be distributed between
land preservation and restoration programs (23%), healthy communities
and ecosystems programs (17%), clean air and global climate change
programs (13%), and compliance and environmental stewardship programs
Clean and safe water programs are slated for a $400 million (-15%)
cut from the FY 2006 enacted level of $3.1 billion. The majority of
the cut can be attributed to a decrease of nearly $200 million (-22%)
in funding for the Clean Water State Revolving Fund, the EPA's major
wastewater infrastructure program. The budget would also cut $9.7
million (-58%) from targeted wetlands grants. In contrast, water research
would see a boost of an additional $4 million (+9%) for drinking water
research and $5.7 million (+11%) for water quality research. The Drinking
Water State Revolving Fund would receive a modest increase of $4 million
(+0.5%) to $841.5 million.
Wetlands and coastal programs are funded under the EPA's Healthy
Communities and Ecosystems goal, which is slated for an overall cut
of $20 million (-2%). Included in this cut is a $5.4 million (-23%)
decrease for coastal ecosystem protection in the National Estuary
Program (NEP). Minor cuts are also proposed for regional restoration
programs in the Gulf of Mexico, Lake Champlain, and the Long Island
Sound; however, the Chesapeake Bay restoration project would receive
a $4 million (+19%) increase. The request also includes $49.6 million
for the Great Lakes Legacy Act, a 71% increase over the FY 2006 enacted
level. The EPA's budget document states that "EPA anticipates
that FY 2007 funding [for the Great Lakes Legacy Act] will result
in cleanup of a half million cubic yards of contaminated sediments."
Funding for clean air and global climate change programs would increase
by $8.4 million (+0.9%) to $932 million in FY 2007. The increased
funds would be devoted primarily to outdoor air pollution and ozone
layer protection programs, which would rise by $13.3 million (+2%)
and $5.0 million (+30%) respectively. Research funding would be cut
by $4 million (-24%) for air toxics research and by $1 million (-6%)
for global change research.
The FY 2007 request includes $16.5 million for oil spill prevention,
preparedness, and response, up 5.8% from FY 2006. The administration
also proposes minor increases of $16.9 million (+1.4%) for Superfund
and $0.75 million (+0.5%) for brownfields projects. Funds for leaking
underground storage tanks would be reduced by $7.2 million (-9%).
Overall, funding for land preservation and restoration projects would
grow by $33 million (+2%).
EPA budget documents are available online.
On May 18, 2006 the full House passed their version of appropriations
for the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) within the Interior
and Related Agencies bill (H.R.
5386). EPA would receive $7.56 billion, $55 million below last
year and $254 million above the President's request. Science and Technology
would receive about $808 million, $77.2 million more than last year
and $20 million above the request. Environmental programs and management
would be funded at $2.3 billion, $10 million below last year and $30
million above the request. State and Tribal Assistance grants which
protect public health by helping states and communities comply with
the Clean Water and the Safe Drinking Water Act would be funded at
about $3 billion, $207 million below last year and $209 million above
During floor debate of the full House, section 425 of H.R. 5386 was
stricken from the bill because a point of order was raised indicating
this section was legislative language. The section provided a sense
of Congress about global warming. The section stated:
"SEC. 425. (a) The Congress finds that--
(1) greenhouse gases accumulating in the atmosphere are causing average
temperatures to rise at a rate outside the range of natural variability
and are posing a substantial risk of rising sea-levels, altered patterns
of atmospheric and oceanic circulation, and increased frequency and
severity of floods and droughts;
(2) There is a growing scientific consensus that human activity is
a substantial cause of greenhouse gas accumulation in the atmosphere;
(3) mandatory steps will be required to slow or stop the growth of
greenhouse gas emissions into the atmosphere.
(b) It is the sense of the Congress that there should be enacted a
comprehensive and effective national program of mandatory, market-based
limits and incentives on emissions of greenhouse gases that slow,
stop, and reverse the growth of such emissions at a rate and in a
manner that (1) will not significantly harm the United States economy;
and (2) will encourage comparable action by other nations that are
major trading partners and key contributors to global emissions."
Rep. Don Young (R-AK) raised a point of order against the proposed
language. Immediately after the section was stricken, Rep. David Obey
(D-WI) offered an amendment (H.AMDT.846) to address global climate
change by modifying the amount provided for EPA Programs and Management
by $1. By offering this amendment, the full House was able to debate
the issues regarding climate change for 15 minutes. Congressmen Young,
Obey, Norman Dicks (D-WA), John Olver (D-MA), Wayne Gilchrest (R-MD),
Tom Udall (D-NM) and Thomas Petri (R-WI) participated in the debate.
The full text of the debate is part of the congressional record and
is available online from Thomas,
at the Library of Congress.
The House of Representatives considers funding for the Environmental
Protection Agency within the Interior,
Environment, and Related Agencies Subcommittee of the House
Appropriations Committee. Chaired by Representative
Charles Taylor (R-NC), other members include Representatives Dicks
(D-WA) (Ranking Member), Wamp
(R-TN), Peterson (R-PA),
Sherwood (R-PA), Istook
(R-OK), Aderholt (R-AL),
Doolittle (R-CA), Simpson
(R-ID), Moran (D-VA),
Hinchey (D-NY), Olver
(D-MA) and Mollohan (D-WV).
The Senate did not complete action on the Interior and Related Agencies
Appropriations Act, 2007 before the 109th Congress adjourned on December
15, 2006. Instead Congress passed four continuing resolutions to keep
the agencies affected by this bill running on either fiscal year 2006
or the House-approved funding levels, whichever was the lower amount
of the two. See the continuing resolution action below for more details
on how the fiscal year 2007 budget was eventually finished by the
The Senate considers funding for the Environmental Protection Agency
within the Interior
and Related Agencies Subcommittee of the Senate
Appropriations Committee: Chaired by Senator
Conrad Burns (R-MT), other members include Senators
Dorgan (D-ND) (Ranking Member),
Stevens (R-AK), Cochran
(R-MS), Dominici (R-NM),
Gregg (R-NH), Craig (R-ID),
Byrd (D-WV), Leahy (D-VT),
Feinstein (D-CA), Mikulski
(D-MD) and Kohl (D-WI).
The 110th Congress Finishes the Fiscal Year 2007 Budget
The Senate passed a year-long continuing resolution for the 9 unfinished
appropriations bills for fiscal year 2007 (H.J. Res. 20) on February
14, 2007 without any significant changes to the House version of this
continuing resolution (see below). The President signed the bill into
law (Public Law 110-5) on February 15, 2007. All federal agencies,
except the Department of Defense and the Department of Homeland Security,
will have their budgets defined by this continuing resolution through
September 30, 2007. Departments with potential unstipulated funds
have 30 days to inform Congress how they will distribute these funds.
House Passes Fourth Continuing Resolution with Some Increases for
Science and Education
Even though the President released his fiscal year 2008 budget request
on February 5th, Congress still has to finish work on the budget for
fiscal year 2007. The nascent 110th Congress decided in January to
consider passing another continuing resolution for the full year rather
than try to pass 9 separate appropriation bills leftover from the
On January 30th, the House passed a new continuing resolution (H.J.
Res. 20) that would fund most of the government at the lowest of two
possible levels either the fiscal year 2006 or the House-approved
levels. The resolution worked out jointly by House Appropriations
Chairman David Obey (D-WI) and Senate Appropriations Chairman, Robert
Byrd (D-WV) added some adjustments that would increase funding for
some research and education. The resolution explicitly eliminates
earmarks and hopes to put a moratorium on earmarking until a reformed
process is put in place.
The adjustments would include a proposed 6 percent increase compared
to fiscal year 2006 funding for the National Science Foundation, so
the agency would receive an increase of $335 million for a total budget
of $5,916.2 million and $4,665.95 million would be allocated for Research
and Related Activities, a 7.7 percent increase for that account. The
Office of Science in the Department of Energy would receive a 5.6
percent increase compared to fiscal year 2006 funding for a total
budget of $3,796.4 million. The Office would see a $200 million increase
plus $130 million of previously earmarked funds that can be re-allocated
for other purposes. Also within the Department of Energy, the Energy
Efficiency and Renewable Energy Resources program would receive $1.5
billion, an increase of $300 million to accelerate research and development
activities for renewable energy and energy efficiency programs.
No adjustments for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
(NASA) or the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
were included in the joint resolution, so NOAA and NASA would have
flat budgets. However, some funds for research and development would
be available because earmarks would be eliminated. In addition, the
resolution specifies funding levels for NASA's science mission as
follows: Science, Aeronautics and Exploration would receive $10 billion,
of which $5.2 billion would be for science, $890 million would be
for aeronautics research and $3.4 billion would be for exploration
The U. S. Geological Survey would receive $977.6 million, which includes
a restoration of the President's requested cut to the Mineral Resources
Program (about a $22 million increase) and a small increase over the
fiscal year 2006 budget. The Smithsonian Institution would receive
$533 million, a decrease compared to a budget of $618 million for
fiscal year 2006. Congress did specify, however, that the Smithsonian
would not be required to fund a specific grant for the Council of
American Overseas Research Centers or the reopening of the Patent
Office Building. This may free up some funds for research, infrastructure
and fixed costs.
The resolution also would include increases for Pell Grants for undergraduate
education, the Clean Water State Revolving Fund for water and wastewater
infrastructure projects in every state, for parks and other lands
to cover budget shortfalls and for the Forest Service/Wildland fire
management account to meet shortfalls caused by the intense 2006 wildfire
The legislation now must be considered by the Senate and then if
necessary voted on again by both chambers. If the legislation passes,
it would then need to be signed by the President. The current continuing
resolution expires on February 15th, so Congress does not have much
time left. If Congress is unable to pass this legislation or some
amended resolution, the government will shut down the day after Valentine's
More information about the federal research and development budget
for fiscal year 2007 is available at the American
Association for the Advancement of Science.
New 110th Congress Considers Fiscal Year 2007 Budget
The 110th Congress, which started their first session on January
4, 2007, has indicated that they plan to extend the continuing resolution
(CR) passed by the 109th Congress for the full year, rather than trying
to work out a new budget for the 9 unfinished bills. This means that
the National Science Foundation (NSF), the Department of Energy's
Office of Science and the National Institute of Standards and Technology
have started FY 2007 without the potential budget increases proposed
by the President and the previous Congress. The 109th Congress had
supported the President's American Competitiveness Initiative by increasing
funding for the Department of Energy's Office of Science by 15 percent,
the National Science Foundation by almost 8 percent and the National
Institute of Standards and Technology laboratories by 21 percent in
These proposed increases will be lost if the CR is extended for a
full year. The 110th Congress has indicated that it might consider
"limited adjustments" to some appropriations when they bring
forward a new CR that will be extended until September 30, 2007. Adjustments
might include bringing all programs to at least their FY 2006 funding
levels to avoid some of the steep cuts proposed by the House or Senate
or providing specific funding increases for some specific programs.
If the CR is extended for a full year without any adjustments, here
is how federal agencies that support Earth science research and development
would be affected. The National Science Foundation would see a reduction
in funding of about $439 million and this reduction would translate
into a loss of about 800 new research grants for FY 2007. The National
Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) would be funded at the
House-proposed level of $3.4 billion, which is $288 million below
the President's request, almost $1 billion below the Senate-proposed
level and more than $500 million below the FY 2006 budget. Such a
significant reduction for NOAA would impede progress for core programs,
such as the National Weather Service functions and stifle the development
of new programs, such as the National Water Quality Monitoring Network,
a national Integrated Ocean Observing System (IOOS) and the implementation
of the recently updated Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and
Management Act. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration
(NASA), the United States Geological Survey (USGS) and the Environmental
Protection Agency (EPA) would receive almost the same funding as they
received in FY 2006 with no significant increases or decreases to
research and development funding.
The American Association for the Advancement of Science has a useful
summary of the affect of the CR on the FY 2007 budget for research
and development (R&D) that is available online.
The AAAS analysis concludes that the federal investment in basic and
applied research funding will decrease for the third straight year,
that the federal investment for development is increasing, and that
the increases for research and development will go primarily to the
Department of Defense. The Department of Defense research and development
budget for FY 2007 is a record-breaking $76.8 billion, thanks to a
4.8 percent increase (about $3.5 billion). The Department of Homeland
Security research and development funding will be slashed by 22 percent,
giving them a FY 2007 budget of about $1.0 billion.
Please see the American
Association for the Advancement of Science, R&D Budget and Policy
Program for more details on the federal budget for R&D.
Third Continuing Resolution: December 8, 2006 to February 15, 2007
The 109th Congress returned from the mid-term election recess and
was unable to complete any of the unfinished appropriation bills.
Only the appropriations for the Department of Defense and the Department
of Homeland Security were finished in September and only these large
departments started fiscal year 2007 on October 1, 2006 with new budgets.
Before turning out the lights, Congress did pass another continuing
resolution (H.J. Res. 102) through February 15, 2007. The continuing
resolution (CR) means that all of the other federal agencies will
be funded at the lowest funding level of three options, the fiscal
year 2006 budget, the House approved FY 2007 budget or the Senate
committee approved FY 2007 budget.
One quirk of the current CR is that congressionally-designated FY
2007 funding for specific projects (earmarks) are not specified, allowing
the funds designated for these earmarks to be used for other projects.
This gives federal agencies with earmarks some flexibility in transferring
funds to alleviate shortfalls in core programs.
H.J. Res. 102 is available from Thomas, thomas.loc.gov
Second Continuing Resolution: November 17, 2006 to December 8, 2006
The 109th Congress was unable to reach any agreements or compromises
on the 9 unfinished appropriations bills and passed a second continuing
resolution to keep the government funded at some level before adjourning
for the Thanksgiving holiday.
H.J. Res.100 is available from Thomas, thomas.loc.gov
First Continuing Resolution: October 1, 2006 to November 17, 2006
The 109th Congress adjourned on September 29th with lots of work
left to complete when they return after the mid-term elections for
at least one lame duck session from November 13-17. The biggest task
to complete is the fiscal year 2007 budget for much of the federal
government. Congress is likely to try to combine many separate bills
into one large appropriation bill called an omnibus and if this happens,
then policymakers are also likely to try to balance budget priorities
for such an omnibus by applying a small rescission (probably about
1%) across all programs. It is also possible that Congress will not
be able complete their budget work in November and may return for
an additional lame duck session in December.
Congress passed only two of 12 fiscal year 2007 appropriation bills
- one for the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and one for the
Department of Defense. The DHS appropriations bill contains a continuing
resolution for the other appropriation bills that have not been completed.
The resolution extends to November 17 and maintains the funding of
all government agencies, except DHS and DOD, at the lower value of
three possible levels: the fiscal year 2006 budget, the House-approved
funding or the Senate committee approved funding. The House completed
work on all 11 of their appropriation bills, however, the 12 Senate
bills have not been considered by the full chamber and thus remain
with their respective committees.
Sources: EPA budget documents, Environment & Energy Daily.
Please send any comments or requests for information to the AGI Government
Affairs Program at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Contributed by Jenny Fisher, AGI/AAPG 2006 Spring Intern and Linda
Rowan, Government Affairs Director.
Last Update March 20, 2007.