Over the last year, several bills to increase different areas of R&D have been introduced in the House of Representatives and the Senate, but few of these bills contain language to include basic research in DoD. (For background information on legislation for non-defense R&D funding or science research funding in other governmental agencies, visit the Governmental Affairs legislation summaries.) In order to address that deficiency, Senators Jeff Bingaman (D-NM), Rick Santorum (R-PA), and Joseph Lieberman (D-CT) introduced S. 2081, the National Defense Science and Technology Investment Act of 1998, a bill that places emphasis on basic research and technology within the Department of Defense. The bill does not set exact spending goals, instead it allows the Secretary of Defense to advocate for "no less than 2.0 percent over inflation greater than the previous fiscal year's budget request" from FY2000 until FY2008. After being introduced in May, the bill was referred to the Senate Committee on Armed Services.
In early June, the bipartisan Senate Science and Technology Caucus held
a roundtable discussion
on whether or not the United States will be able to remain at the forefront
of technology in the upcoming decades if federal funding for research,
development, and technology continues to decrease. The introduction
of a comprehensive civilian R&D funding bill, S.
2217, The Federal Research Investment Act, along with the defense-focused
indicates that members of Congress are aware of the need to increase federal
R&D funding for continued success in the global economy.
|Basic Research (6.1)||180.6||200.8||+11.2|
|Applied Research (6.2)||654.1||511.3||-21.8|
|Basic Research (6.1)||338.7||362.7||+7.1|
|Applied Research (6.2)||493.6||524.7||+6.3|
|Basic Research (6.1)||196.3||209.4||+6.7|
|Applied Research (6.2)||567.8||582.0||+2.5|
|Basic Research (6.1)||326.2||338.4||+3.7|
|Applied Research (6.2)||1,280.6||1,401.8||+9.5|
|DOD R&D TOTAL||7,800.2||7,181.3||-7.9|
|Basic Research (6.1)||1,041.8||1,111.2||+6.7|
|Applied Research (6.2)||2,996.0||3,019.9||+0.8|
In early February, H.R. 4103, the Defense Department FY99 Appropriations bill, was introduced in the House and referred to the House Committee on Appropriations that prepared a report on the committee decisions. After a National Security Subcommittee hearing and a full committee mark-up, the bill was debated on the House floor in late June. The House passed the bill by a vote of 358-61. The Senate received the bill as passed by the House in late June and has placed it on the legislative calendar.
In early June, the Senate Committee on Appropriations passed S. 2132, the Department of Defense Appropriations Act of 1999, with several amendments. The committee report on the bill explains the changes between the Administration's proposal and the committee's decisions. On June 4, the bill was placed on the Senate legislative calendar and is pending floor debate.
The American Association for the Advancement of Science's R&D Budget and Policy Project website
contains information on AAAS presentations on the budget, the Administration's
budget proposal, and historical trends in the federal R&D funding.
The site covers all sciences and federal agencies. There are a few
figures specifically dealing with DoD, but generally the website covers
budget issues for all science research included in the federal budget.
Overall funding for environmental science research is increasing,
especially with the Administration's focus on environmental programs like
the U.S. Global Change Research Program (USGCRP)
and Climate Change Technology Initiative (CCTI), both of which are interagency
programs that include DoD.
Interagency programs like USGCRP include projects that do fall under some of DoD research applications. The USGCRP FY99 budget notes that the main purpose of DoD is research in national security needs, but there is $6.7 million from the DoD budget in defense-related projects that complement the research goals of the USGCRP. It is not clear to what extent DoD will be active in the CCTI.
DoD funding for college and university research focuses on computer science and engineering, but does support some research in oceanography and material engineering. Combined funding from DoD, NASA, and Department of Energy accounts for about 47% of graduate funding in "physical sciences," which was neither defined nor itemized.
Several services of DoD fund projects and programs of interest to geoscientists
that are listed below with a short description of the projects where available.
Please send any comments or requests for information to the AGI Government Affairs Program at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Contributed by Margaret Baker, AGI Government Affairs Intern.
Last updated July 21, 1998
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